Criminal Trespassing Laws in Noonday Everyone Should Know
CRIMINAL DEFENSE ATTORNEYS FIGHTING CRIMINAL TRESPASSING CHARGES THROUGHOUT THE USA
While the act of trespassing is easily understood, many people commit the crime without realizing it. The USA has several laws regarding criminal trespassing; therefore, it is important that you know what these laws entail, and how a trespassing charge could be added to a series of criminal law charges – all carrying significant penalties in Noonday.
WHAT DOES THE USA CONSIDER CRIMINAL TRESPASSING?
In the USA, you are guilty of trespass if you enter or remain on a person’s property without authorization in criminal law.
There are numerous ways for a person to break this criminal law, including:
Remaining on private property. Being on private property without the owner’s permission is trespassing. If you stay on the private property after being asked to leave, that is also trespassing in criminal law in Noonday.
Entering posted private property. If the property has a “private property” sign on the exterior or around the perimeter, and you enter that property anyway, you are trespassing in criminal law. The only exception to this rule is if you have written permission from the owner or the property is open for hunting.
Entering despite public notice. Private property with signs displayed for the public indicating private ownership is off limits. If you choose to get into that property, you are committing the act of trespass in criminal law.
State lands and entering without permission. State lands are protected. While they might not have fences around their entire perimeter if you knowingly enter or remain on state lands without permission, you are trespassing in criminal law.
IT IS A CRIME TO REMOVE THE “NO TRESPASS” SIGN TOO
You might be surprised to find that removing a “No Trespassing” sign on private property is also a crime. While it is a petty misdemeanor, you could still be forced to pay the damage of the sign, and you will be guilty of a misdemeanor. Also, you could go to jail for this “petty” crime, while it might be less than one year. Depending on the circumstances, the judge may impose the minimum or maximum in criminal law.
WHAT IS THE PENALTY FOR TRESPASSING?
Knowingly trespassing is a misdemeanor offense. If you violate the law in conjunction with fishing or hunting licenses, then you also forfeit your license, and you will not be permitted to receive another for up to three years by the state game commission in criminal law.
TRESPASSING CAN TIE TO OTHER SERIOUS CHARGES
Criminal trespassing is the least of your concerns. Sometimes you could be accused of other offenses in addition to the act of trespassing.
For example, if arrested for breaking and entering, you could also be accused of trespassing. Burglary or the intent to burglarize along with trespassing is another common combination of offenses. These offenses carry harsher punishments than the act of trespassing alone. You could face a third-degree felony if convicted of invasion burglary, while aggravated robbery charges involve a second-degree felony in criminal law.
SPEAK WITH A CRIMINAL DEFENSE ATTORNEY FOR YOUR TRESPASS CHARGES
Whether you are accused of trespass or a combination of criminal offenses, it is in your best interest to speak with a criminal defense attorney.
What and When Must Prosecutors Disclose Evidence?
EXPERIENCED CRIMINAL DEFENSE LAWYERS FIGHTING CRIMINAL CHARGES ACROSS USA
You might be arrested for a criminal act. You could be in jail awaiting your trail. However, you have various rights given to you by the United States Constitution – regardless of whether you are in jail or accused of a crime. One important right to know is the right to evidence disclosure in criminal law.
Once you have been formally charged with a crime, you are entitled to evidence and information. As the defendant, you and your attorney can receive the materials the prosecution has as part of the discovery process in criminal law.
However, the prosecution does not only disclose that information at the initial trial; they are required to do so even after the trial begins.
WHAT TYPE OF DISCOVERY APPLIES TO YOUR CASE?
The most typical example of discovery is the police report. A standard police report includes your name, the name of witnesses, and any victims involved in the crime. Also, it contains statements from those individuals, officer notes, and information relating to your arrest. The police report is the first form of discovery you and your attorney receive in criminal law.
Other types of discovery that might apply include:
Recorded Interviews and Interrogations – Any recordings of police interviews with yourself, victims, and witnesses are given to your attorney.
Photographs and Video of the Scene – If a crime scene is investigated, any pictures and videos of that scene are handed over to the criminal defense.
Records – Records regarding the victim’s injuries (if a victim is involved), police personnel assigned to the case, and witness criminal records must also be given to your attorney in criminal law.
THE RIGHT TO EXCULPATORY EVIDENCE
The Constitution requires that state prosecutors give any evidence that might contradict your guilt. They must disclose this evidence, regardless of whether they feel it is exculpatory or not. If it warrants a lesser punishment or contradicts your alleged crime, they are required to give it to the defense in criminal law.
This evidence also includes anything that questions the credibility of a witness, like a witness who receives leniency in exchange for his or her testimony.
WHAT HAPPENS IF THE PROSECUTION DOES NOT SUPPLY EVIDENCE?
If the defense learns that the prosecution withheld evidence, they may have a Brady violation. Typically, these violations are found after a defendant is convicted, and then the defendant might receive a new trial as a result.
Prosecutors must share evidence as part of your Constitutional right to a fair trial. If they do not share that evidence promptly, they could be found in violation of your rights and court procedures in criminal law.
HOW QUICKLY DO THEY HAVE TO TURN OVER EVIDENCE?
While required to submit evidence, that does not mean that the prosecution will do so quickly. If the courts feel that the prosecution unreasonably waited to disclose such information, then they may face contempt charges. However, it is common for prosecutors to wait on evidence for a few days (or even weeks) until they consider it necessary to turn it over in criminal law.
HIRE AN AGGRESSIVE CRIMINAL DEFENSE ATTORNEY FOR YOUR CASE
There is no need to worry about when and how evidence is shared between the defense and prosecution. When you have a qualified criminal defense attorney representing your case, you can rest assured that evidence is collected and shared appropriately in criminal law.
Requirements that Police Must Follow to Execute a Search Warrant
SEARCH WARRANT REQUIREMENTS IN THE USA AND HOW THEY CAN AFFECT YOUR CRIMINAL LAW CASE
Even with a search warrant, law enforcement still has limitations. To understand those limitations, you must first know what a search warrant is, how law enforcement obtains one, and what it allows them to do in criminal law.
WHAT IS A SEARCH WARRANT?
A search warrant is a legal authorization issued by an authority (a judge) that allows police officers to search a particular place for evidence – without the owner or occupant’s consent. To not violate a person’s Fourth Amendment rights, police must obtain a search warrant in criminal law.
HOW DO POLICE OBTAIN A SEARCH WARRANT?
To get a search warrant, police officers must petition a judge, and the judge must issue the warrant. Law enforcement must show that they have probable cause, which justifies the issuance of a search warrant in criminal law. Sometimes, this means providing evidence or an affidavit to the judge. They must also state where they will search and the items that they seek. This information is then relayed in the search warrant text. If the order lacks specific evidence or areas, then it is not valid.
REQUIREMENTS WHEN EXECUTING A SEARCH WARRANT
Even when law enforcement has the search warrant in hand, and signed by a judge, there are protocols that they must follow. First, there is the knock-and-announce rule. This means that the officers executing the search warrant cannot force their way inside or immediately enter a private residence. Instead, the first officers must knock and announce their identities, as well as their intent. Then, they must wait for a reasonable amount of time for the occupant to answer in criminal law.
EXCEPTIONS TO THE KNOCK AND ANNOUNCE RULE
While officers are required to knock and announce, there are exceptions to this rule. Sometimes, officers will have a no-knock warrant, which means that they can enter the property without announcing intent or presence. These are only issued when there is reasonable suspicion that evidence might be destroyed if the police officers were to announce their identity to the occupants in criminal law.
TIMING OF SEARCHES
Officers are required to time their searches during the day. However, the definition of night can easily be stretched. Typically, states follow the federal rules of criminal law procedure, which means that searches can run from 6:00 am to 10:00 pm.
EXTENT OF THE SEARCH
With the warrant, police officers only have the authority to search the places and individuals listed in the order. They may only find the evidence sought after, and they can only search in areas where they would reasonably find the evidence. For example, an officer looking for a large rifle cannot justify searching a small jewelry box in criminal law.
While they have limitations on their searches, officers can detain people who they find at the site during the search. If they locate sufficient evidence while searching, they can arrest and search the people who they find – even if those people are not named in the warrant in criminal law.
PROTECT YOUR RIGHTS FROM UNLAWFUL SEARCHES – CONTACT A CRIMINAL DEFENSE ATTORNEY TODAY
If the police have searched your home and seized evidence, you have rights. Often, protocols are ignored, but police assume that defendants do not know criminal procedure. To ensure that your rights were not violated, and to receive expert-level defense, contact a criminal defense attorney.
5 Reasons You Need an Attorney for a Domestic Violence Charge
EXPERIENCED CRIMINAL DEFENSE ATTORNEY FIGHTING DOMESTIC VIOLENCE CHARGES THROUGHOUT THE USA
While you might be afraid of the costs of hiring an attorney, realize that those costs outweigh the reality of criminal punishment. If you are arrested for domestic violence charges, it is imperative that you hire a criminal defense lawyer. An attorney can help you not only prove your innocence but avoid the long-term consequences of a domestic violence conviction in criminal law.
5 COMPELLING REASONS TO HIRE A CRIMINAL LAW ATTORNEY NOW
You have the right to an attorney; therefore, it is in your best interest to exercise that right.
From a legal standpoint, domestic violence charges mean that you intimidate someone into assuming you were going to harm them, or you attempted to hit or touch someone in an offensive way or did complete the act.
You could be charged with domestic violence just because your accuser says that you harmed them; therefore, this is no charge to ignore in criminal law.
Even controlling actions could be considered domestic violence. You do not have to strike a domestic partner to face domestic violence charges physically. In fact, being controlling, threatening, or mentally abusing your partner could constitute domestic violence.
It is your word against the victim. Your word does not carry much weight in a domestic violence case, but the victim’s does. While the courts created this rule to ensure that battered spouses would speak up, the reality is that some spouses are not battered and abused the power that their word has over the court in criminal law.
You will lose your right to carry a gun. If you are convicted of domestic violence, you are prohibited from owning, carrying, or having a gun in your home. Also, you cannot purchase or possess ammunition. While it is a misdemeanor offense, federal law prohibits you from this right after a conviction.
You could lose your job. A domestic violence conviction is severe in criminal law. Some employers will not hire a domestic violence offender, especially if you are in public education, therapy, medical care, and so forth. If your career is in a particular field, you may no longer be able to work and have to seek new job opportunities. Also, a misdemeanor or felony conviction for domestic violence is grounds enough for you to not only lose your current job, but possibly be unable to obtain employment in the future due to criminal law.
A domestic violence conviction stays on your permanent criminal record. If you are asked if you have been charged or convicted of a crime, you must respond that you have on your application. Also, you cannot expunge or seal domestic violence records; therefore, a conviction remains part of your criminal record for the rest of your life because of criminal law.
AVOID THE HARSH REALITIES OF A DOMESTIC VIOLENCE CONVICTION – CONTACT A DEFENSE ATTORNEY
Avoid the harsh realities that come with a domestic violence conviction. Instead, contact a criminal defense attorney that can help you with your charges and find the best possible solution in criminal law.